What Are Cold Rooms & Why Do You Need Them For Your Products?

A cold room is a refrigeration chamber or insulated space that is designed to maintain artificially generated temperature ranges. Cold rooms are used for storing temperature-sensitive, perishable items like foods and pharmaceutical products. They can vary in size from very small walk-in rooms to very large warehouse storage.

What’s the Use of a Cold Room?

Cold rooms provide precise temperature control for commercial facilities where consistent refrigeration is required. For food or chemical storage, this means long-term temperature regulation for perishable or unstable products, lower deterioration rates, and peace of mind knowing that items are preserved in the optimal conditions.

For pharmaceuticals, you need to follow the current best practices for the warehousing of drugs and store them under appropriate conditions of temperature, humidity, and light so that the strength, identity, purity, and quality of the drug products are not affected. Cold rooms require one of the above mentioned needs for cold storage of these products.

Some other benefits of cold rooms include:

Energy Efficiency: Low energy costs for storage of samples and other materials. Cold storage units are constructed to prevent fluctuations in temperatures. This means less energy is required to balance and adjust the temperature while in use.

High Product Standards: You will have guaranteed potency of drugs, vaccines, and other sensitive items with cold storage. This will help improve your company’s reliability and reputation.

Safety and Security: Medical equipment and medications are highly expensive and sensitive. Make sure of their safekeeping with locked, weather-proof cold storage units.

Cold storage is also used to transport temperature-sensitive products and industrial materials across industries. The container will have a cooling unit installed to make sure optimal temperature control is maintained. Cold rooms, in general, are valued for their precision and power and can maintain specific temperatures over a specific period.

How Does a Cold Room Work?

The operation of cold rooms is not so different from any other refrigeration system. Cold rooms use a condenser, compressor, fans, and evaporator to maintain the temperature within the unit. The compressor expands after the gas refrigerant gets compressed in it. The gas then absorbs the energy. The hot gas passes over the evaporator coils flowing from the compressor. It liquifies under high pressure, which cools the evaporator coils and the surrounding air. Cold rooms must b efficiently insulated to maintain the temperature range.

What’s the Temperature Range of a Cold Room?

Most cold rooms can accommodate temperatures between -2°C and 10°C. as for the specific temperature range of a cold room, it all depends on what’s being stored inside them. To store food items, the ideal cold room temperature ranges between 2 and 8 degrees Celsius. Pharmaceutical storage will require a 5°C with a tolerance of ±3°C.

At Africhill, we manufacture, supply, and install top-quality cold rooms, freezer rooms, and blast freezer rooms. We can cater to the specific refrigeration requirements of our clients in Africa. We have manufactured and installed a wide range of cold rooms throughout Africa as well as other countries for several applications.

We use modular insulated panels to construct cold rooms and manufacture them according to any design, in flat-pack format for transport reasons. Visit us for more information.